The Effect of Applying DOPS on BDS Students’ Orthodontic Skills: A Quasi-Experimental Study


Muhammad Azeem1                                                                            BDS, FCPS

Javed Iqbal2                                                                                                      BDS, M.Phil

Arfan Ul Haq3                                                                                               MDS, FCPS, MCPS, BDS


OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of two teaching methods i.e. Directly Observed Procedural Skills (DOPS) and traditional teaching of procedural skills in Orthodontics to the BDS dental students.

METHODOLOGY: Present study was conducted on 30 BDS final year students of Dental Section-Faisalabad Medical University. Dental students were divided into two groups i.e. 15 students in the DOPS group and 15 students in the traditional teaching group. The Multiple choice questions (MCQs) tests were taken before and after the procedural skills teaching from both the groups. The cumulative scores were calculated before and after the teaching of procedural skills in both the groups. Student paired t test was used for comparison of data.

RESULTS: Results showed that for all the taught orthodontic procedural skills, post-test scores were found to be significantly higher in DOPS group in comparison with the post-test scores in traditional teaching group. (p >0.05) CONCLUSION: The teaching of orthodontic procedural skills to BDS students is more effective using DOPS than the traditional teaching of procedural skills.

KEY WORDS: Orthodontic skills, student, dops.

HOW TO CITE: Azeem M, Iqbal J, Haq UA. The effect of applying DOPS on BDS students’ orthodontic skills: a quasi- experimental study. J Pak Dent Assoc 2019;28(1):18-21.


Received: 10 August 2018, Accepted: 27 October 2018