Periodontal Status of the Residents of a Rural Community in Gadap Town, Karachi, Pakistan

Maaz Asad1          -          BDS, MDSc
Asaad Javaid Mirza2          -          BDS, MCPS, MDS
Ammar Siddiqui3          -                BDS, MDPH
Marwah Berkath4                           BDS
Saadia Saad5                                     BDS
Khalid Shafiq6                                 BDS                                  

 

ABSTRACT:

BACKGROUND: Periodontal diseases are more prevalent in developing countries than in developed countries. According to a WHO report, despite all good efforts oral health problems still persist among underprivileged communities. Gadap is a rural, under privileged community of Karachi, Pakistan where paucity of oral and general health facilities prevails. This study has been carried out to explore periodontal status in the Gadap – an area of low socioeconomic population and to establish association of age and gender with BPE scores.

RESULTS: The sample size was 1253 subjects including 64.9% males and 35.1 % females. There were no significant association between gender and BPE score. Males had higher percentages of code 1 and 2 (Gingivitis) and code 3 and 4 (Periodontitis 10.1%). Females had gingivitis (28.8%) and periodontitis (5%). Results show significance between the age and the BPE scores. Percentage of healthy individuals (code 0) without any pocket formation, bleeding or calculus is 5%. The other prominent finding (code 1 and 2) that is presence of calculus and pockets of less than 3.5mm in 80% of the subjects suggesting gingivitis. Subjects affected with periodontitis are 15%. According to specific age higher cases of gingivitis (48.1%) are reported between 18-30 years and periodontitis (4.62%) are reported between 31-40years.

CONCLUSION: Prevalence of periodontal diseases among young population of 18 – 30 years age group is very high.

KEYWORDS: Prevalence of Periodontal diseases, Periodontal profiles, Basic periodontal examination.

HOW TO CITE: Asad M, Mirza AJ, Siddiqui A, Berkath M, Saad S, Shafiq K. Periodontal Status of the Residents of a Rural Community in Gadap Town, Karachi, Pakistan. J Pak Dent Assoc 2016; 25(3): 93-97.

Received: 10 August 2016, Accepted: 29 September 2016