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Pamphlet or a Lecture, which Method is more Effective in Educating Children about Proper Ways of Tooth Brushing? Quasi-Experimental Study - JPDA

Pamphlet or a Lecture, which Method is more Effective in Educating Children about Proper Ways of Tooth Brushing? Quasi-Experimental Study

Humaira Naureen Amir                   BDS, MSc
Abeeha Batool Zaidi                       BDS, MSPH
Sidra Mohiuddin                             BDS, MDS
Syeda Nadia Firdous                      BDS, MPH

 OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of educating proper tooth brushing techniques via lecture or pamphlet on the reduction
of dental plaque score among 12-year-old schoolchildren from subset Karachi.
METHODOLOGY: A quasi-experimental study was performed from September to December 2021 in three underprivileged
Karachi schools. After ethical approval schools were selected based on convenience sampling. Subjects were selected by random
sampling and were divided into groups A, B, and C. The children of groups A&B (lecture& pamphlet) were taught tooth brushing
as per American dental association criteria. The Plaque score at baseline was recorded. Group A was educated using a lecture
with a live demonstration of brushing using models and charts. Group B was given Pamphlets, that had both text and illustrations,
containing pictures of brushing techniques. Group C had no interventioni.e. a control group. The dental plaque score was
calculated using the Loe and Silness scale. The Plaque score was measured at baseline (0), after one month, and after three
months.
RESULT: At baseline mean, the mean plaque score was 1.381±0.636, at 1-monthfollow-up 1.161±0.562, and at 3 months
follow-up 1.065±0.658. There was a significant decline in mean plaque score in group A(lecture) followed by Group B(Pamphlet)
after three months of intervention. No difference was seen in the control group.
CONCLUSION: The study concluded that health education programs promote oral hygiene among school-going children as
a significant improvement in mean plaque score reported from baselines to 3 months follow-up.
KEYWORDS: Toothbrushing Technique, Dental Plaque, Lecture, intervention, Pamphlet.
HOW TO CITE: Amir HN, Zaidi AB, Mohiuddin S, Firdous SN. Pamphlet or a lecture, which method is more effective in
educating children about proper ways of tooth brushing? quasi-experimental study. J Pak Dent Assoc 2023;32(4):114-119.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25301/JPDA.324.114
Received: 28 September 2022, Accepted: 17 January 2024

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