Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Dentists Prescribing Antibiotics in Periodontal diseases in Dental Colleges of Karachi

Usman Rahman                                            BDS

Ashar Nizamuddin Jamelle                      BDS, M Clin Dent

Yousuf Ansari                                                BDS

Noman Nasrullah                                         BDS

Gulrukh Askary                                             BDS, MSc

Hamid Baig                                                     BDS, MFDS

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the Practice of dental practitioners with reference to the prescription of antibiotics in patients with periodontitis.

METHODOLOGY: A self-administered, structured questionnaire was distributed to Three hundred and Fifty subjects including dental students of final year BDS, house officer, and lecturers. The questionnaire inquired about the prescription of antibiotics in different types of periodontal diseases and the type of severity. Frequencies and percentages were calculated and the data was analyzed using SPSS software version 20.
RESULTS: For periodontal abscess and gingivitis respectively, 95.2% and 99.1% of the participants, reported they will not prescribe antibiotics. While,44.8% of the participants reported they give antibiotics to patients with Necrotizing Ulcerative Periodontitis, 50.9% preferred the use of antibiotics in patients with Aggressive Periodontitis while 57% said they will give antibiotics in chronic periodontitis. Amoxicillin (53%) was the preferred drug for periodontal cases followed by Augmentin (34.2%).
CONCLUSION:There is a wide prescription of antibiotics by dental practitioners, without any scientific evidence to justify the use of anitbiotics in periodontal diseases cases.
KEYWORDS: Antibiotics, Over prescription, Resistance, Periodontal disease.
HOW TO CITE: Rahman U, Jamelle AN, Ansari Y, Nasrullah N, Askary G, Baig H . Knowledge, attitude and practice of dentists prescribing antibiotics in periodontal diseases in dental colleges of Karachi. J Pak Dent Assoc 2020;29(3):144-150.
Received: 11 October 2019, Accepted: 08 June 2020

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