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Gloves Perforations in Minor Oral Surgical Procedures: A Comparison of Latex and Nitrile Gloves - JPDA

Gloves Perforations in Minor Oral Surgical Procedures: A Comparison of Latex and Nitrile Gloves

Ajeet Kumar                         BDS, FCPS

Naveed Iqbal                        BDS, FCPS

Javaria Farooq                     BDS

Saad Uddin Siddiqui         BDS, MFDS

OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to compare incidence of perforations in Latex and Nitrile examination gloves during Minor Oral surgical procedures performed under local anesthesia.
METHODOLOGY: 100 pairs of latex and 100 pairs of Nitrile examination gloves where used to perform 200 minor oral surgical procedures under local anesthesia. After completion of every minor oral surgical procedure each gloves was examined by Water Inflation method to observe presence or absence of Perforations. A data sheet was used to collect data including type of Gloves used (Latex or Nitrile) presence of perforations, sites of perforations and nature of minor oral surgical procedures. Data was entered and analyzed using SPSS version 20. Descriptive analysis was conducted to calculate frequency and percentages of Number and sites of perforations for both Nitrile and latex examination gloves. Chi Square test was used to find out statistical significance of difference of perforations rate between Nitrile and Latex gloves. P value of < 0.05 was considered significant.
RESULTS: Out of 200 latex gloves 23 (11.5) had 29 perforations whereas out of total 200 Nitrile gloves 28 (14%) had 22 perforations. Nitrile gloves had a statistically significant higher rate of perforations as compared to Latex gloves. (P value 0.043). For both Nitrile and Latex gloves left non dominant hand had highest frequency of perforations Latex 18 (81.81%) perforations and Nitrile 18(62.06%). Index finger and thumb were most frequent sites of perforations in both Latex and Nitrile gloves.
CONCLUSION: Gloves perforations were more common in Nitrile examination gloves however total number of perforations was more in Latex examination gloves.
KEYWORDS: Glove perforation, minor oral surgery, cross infection control.
HOW TO CITE: Kumar A, Iqbal N, Farooq J, Siddiqui SU. Gloves perforations in minor oral surgical procedures: a comparison of latex and nitrile gloves. J Pak Dent Assoc 2021;30(2):103-106.
Received: 14 November 2020, Accepted: 25 February 2021
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