Frequency of Medical Co-Morbidities in Oral Surgery, Prosthodontic and Orthodontic Patients

Hafiz Nasir Mahmood                                               BDS

Muhammad Waseem Ullah Khan                            BDS, FCPS

Muhammad Azeem                                                   BDS

Sabiha Naeem                                                           BDS, PhD

Asif Ali Shah                                                             BDS, MSc, MDS

Muhammad Mudassar Saleem                                BDS, FCPS

OBJECTIVE: Co-morbidity is a medical condition accompanied to the primary condition for which patient is seeking medical or dental care. To determine the frequency of medical co-morbid conditions in dental patients.

METHODOLOGY: After obtaining informed consent, a comprehensive predesigned history form was implemented to record patient’s medical conditions. Different variables recorded for each participant were age, gender and history of medical co-morbid conditions including diabetes mellitus, hypertension, ischemic heart diseases, renal disorders, typhoid, thyroid disorder, degenerative joint disorder, asthma, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, hepatitis A and E, HIV and tuberculosis.
RESULTS: In this study, hypertension accounted for 9.5% in total number of patients followed by degenerative joint disorders and hepatitis C with the same frequency of 5.2%. Diabetes mellitus and hepatitis B accounted for 3.4% of the patients
CONCLUSION: This study concludes that presentation of medically compromised patients in dentistry is inevitable.
KEY WORDS: Orthodontics; Prosthodontics; Oral surgery; Medical co-morbidities.
HOW TO CITE: Mahmood HN, Khan MWU, Azeem M, Naeem S, Shah AA, Saleem MM. Frequency of medical co-morbidities in oral surgery, prosthodontic and orthodontic patients. J Pak Dent Assoc 2020;29(1):38-41.
Received: 16 July 2019, Accepted: 06 December 2019

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