Frequency, Etiology and Pattern of Midface Fractures


Javeria Azam1                                                            BDS

Jawad Safdar Rana2                                   BDS, MDS, PhD

Humayun Kaleem3                                    BDS, FCPS


OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency, etiology and pattern of midface fractures in patients presented at Baqai Dental College.

METHODOLOGY: This study was carried out in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at Baqai Dental College, Karachi from January 2009 to March 2016.The study included 45 patients. After the confirmed diagnosis the patients were categorized on the basis of age, gender, etiology and type of fractures. The data collected was analyzed using SPSS statistical package.

RESULTS: The mean age of the patients presented with midface fractures was 28.58±9.992 years. The study included 86.7% male and 13.3% female. The most common cause in the study was found to be road traffic accident (RTA) with 57.8%.As much as 62.3% of the fractures were zygomatic followed by other type of fractures.

CONCLUSION: This study revealed the high predilection of male as compared to female. Also the main cause of the fractures was found to be road traffic accident. Whereas zygomatic fractures were the most common fractures with highest percentage.

KEY WORDS: Midface fractures, Etiology, Zygomatic & frequency.

HOW TO CITE: Azam J, Rana JS, Kaleem H. Frequency, etiology and pattern of midface fractures. J Pak Dent Assoc 2018;27(3):106-09.


Received: 08 February 2018, Accepted: 20 May 2018