Evaluation of Presence and Amount of Moisture in Dry Air of Three Way Syringes in Dental Teaching Hospitals and Private Clinics: A Cross-Sectional Study

Juzer Shabbir                            BDS, MDS
Ayesha Anis                              BDS
Syed Masood ul Hasan            BDS, MDS
Naheed Najmi4                         BDS, MCPS, MDS
Muhammad Moiz Anis             BE, PhD
Tazeen Zehra                            BDS, FCPS
Wajiha Saghir                           BDS

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the amount of moisture present in the TWS of dental units in dental teaching hospitals (DTH) and private clinics (PC) across Karachi. 
METHODOLOGY: A total of 285 dental units were included in the study out of which 250 belonged to DTH and 35 to PC. Gushing was initially performed on hand to remove visible moisture from the TWS. The number of gushes required to remove visible moisture were recorded and the moisture-sensing device was used to assess the amount of invisible moisture in dry-air released from the TWS. SPSS v 22 was used to compare data of DTH and PC with the help of Mann Whitney U test. The pre- and post-exposure humidity of the sensing chamber was analyzed through Wilcoxon signed rank test. p value of < 0.05 was considered as significant. 
RESULTS: The power of the study was found to be > 99%. The moisture was present in 77.6% of the TWS in DTH and 37.1% in PC (p <0.001). Significantly higher number of hand gushes were required in DTH to eliminate the visible moisture as compared to PC (p= 0.022). Similarly, TWS in DTH were seen to liberate significantly increased amount of invisible moisture as compared to PC (p-value<0.001). CONCLUSION: Alarmingly high number of three-way syringes of dental units in dental teaching hospitals had moisture. This moisture can jeopardize restorative treatment and may expose patient to lethal microbes. 
KEYWORDS: Three way syringe; Restorative; Moisture; Resin Composite; Contamination 
HOW TO CITE: Shabbir J, Anis A, Hasan SMUL, Najmi N, Anis MM, Zehra T, Saghir W. Evaluation of presence and amount of moisture in dry air of three way syringes in dental teaching hospitals and private clinics: A cross-sectional study. J Pak Dent Assoc 2022;31(4):176-181. DOI: https://doi.org/10.25301/JPDA.314.176
 Received: 19 May 2022, Accepted: 18 August 2022

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