Evaluating Occurrence of Variable Cleft Lip and Palate Types Among Ethnic Groups of Malaysia

Syed Yousif Ali Shah                   BDS, MDSc

Shahid Ali Mirani                        BDS, MPhil, PhD

Muhammad Amin Sahito           BDS, MSc


The objective was to assess the distribution of types of cleft lip and palate (CLP) among different racial groups living in Malaysia.

METHODOLOGY: This study was carried out in two tertiary care hospitals of Malaysia, during August 2007 to March 2009. Total 526 CLP patients registered in the hospital records during the study period were included. The Modified Craniofacial Anomalies Registration (CARE) form was used to collect data of different types of oral clefts in relation to race among Malaysian.

RESULTS: Of the total 526 patients registered in the study hospital records during the study period. Majority (86.7%) of these patients were in the age group < 18years, most (56.7%) of them were females. The racial distribution of patients was 88.6 % Malays, 8.7 % Chinese, 2.5 % Indian and 0.2% others. The right side oral cleft was found in 96.1% of Malay study subjects and 3.9 % Chinese. Among Chinese ethnic participants, majority (52 %) had bilateral oral cleft. Overall data indicates hard palate cleft was present in 3.7% Malay, 4.6% Chinese, and 23% Indian study participants. However, soft plate cleft was present in 4 % Malay and 7.6% Indian. Among ethnic groups 92% of Malay patients, 95% of Chinese and 69% of Indian had hard and soft palate cleft.

CONCLUSION: Ceft lip, cleft palate, race, ethnic, Malaysia

KEY WORDS:White spot lesion, Fluoride bonding agent RMGICs, Casein phosphopeptide amorphous calcium phosphate, Resin infiltration.

HOW TO CITE: Shah SYA, Mirani SA, Sahito MA. Evaluating occurrence of variable cleft lip and palate types among ethnic groups of malaysia. J Pak Dent Assoc 2018;27(1):9-12.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.25301/JPDA.271.9
23 November, 2017, Accepted: 29 December, 2017