Epidemiology of Head and Neck Neoplasm’s in Balochistan

Nabiha Farasat Khan1 BDS, MPhil (Oral Pathology), M. Med Edu

Muhammad Saeed2 BDS
Hafiz Khush Naseeb Leghari3 MBBS, MS
Arshad Kamal Butt4 MBBS, FCPS
Ayyaz Ali Khan5 BDS, MSc, PhD


Objective: To identifies the type and demographic details of Head & Neck neoplasm (H&NN’s) in Balochistan, Pakistan.

Methodology: A retrospective analysis (hospital based) was carried out on 498 consecutive cases fulfilling the requirements of inclusion criteria (subjects having carcinoma of Head & Neck) in Center for Nuclear Medicine and Radiotherapy (CENAR), Quetta, Balochistan from October 10.2012 to October 26.2013. Study variables included demographic factors, enquiries regarding residence, site affected and diagnosis. Data entry and statistical analysis was done by using SPSS version 20. Data was presented in the form of percentages. Subjects having H&NN’s were included for study through simple convenient non-probability sampling from CENAR data.

Results: Almost half of the H&NN’s subjects belong to Afghanistan (n=216/498), the area critically affected next to Afghanistan having 37.15% of H&NN’s was Quetta division (n=185/498), whereas Kalat division with 7.63% carcinomatouss lesion stands third number in this category (n=38/498). Commonest (n=128/498) age range of subjects having H&NN’s is between 60-70 years (25.7%). Fifty four percent neoplasm’s’ (54.02%) were squamous cell carcinoma (n=269/498), Lymphomas with the percentage of 14.26 stands on second frequently existing carcinoma in this class.

Conclusion: The consequences of current research suggests that individuals from Afghanistan comprised highest incidence rate of Squamous cell carcinoma which was commonest in Balochistan whereas second common H&NN’s seen in the province was cervical lymph node cancers (lymphomas) in this grouping.

KEYWORDS: Neoplasm, Head and Neck, Balochistan.

HOW TO CITE: Khan NF, Saeed M, Leghari HKN, Butt AK, Khan AA. Epidemiology of Head and Neck Neoplasm’s in Balochistan. J Pak Dent Assoc 2017; 26(3): 118-122.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.25301/JPDA.263.118

Received: 5 June 2017,  Accepted: 13 September 2017