Endodontic Management of Acute Dental Pain Among Pregnant Patients

Salman Ashraf Khan               BDS, FRACDS

Arooj Ul Hassan                        BDS, MPH

Zunaira Iqbal                              BDS, MCPS, MPH

Mohammad Hassan                  BDS, MSc, PhD

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to reinforce the safety of non-surgical endodontic treatment in the management of acute dental pain of pulpal origin in pregnant patients in all trimesters.
METHODOLOGY: The study was conducted amongst pregnant females with acute dental pain. Pain of endodontic origin in 273 pregnant patients was managed by performing non-surgical root canal treatment. Percentages were calculated as descriptive statistics to have a comparison of preferred treatment by dentists for acute pain management during pregnancy. One Way ANOVA was used to explore the difference between treatment selection plans.
RESULTS: From the total sample of 273 participants, there was no significant difference found between the selection of endodontic treatment and Trimesters (F (2,270) = .79, p=.45) same results were obtained for the analgesics prescription during pregnancy and the trimesters during pregnancy (F (2,270) = 1.41, p=.24). On the other hand, the difference between the prescription of antibiotics during 1st, 2nd and 3rd trimesters was found which was statistically significant (F (2,270) = 12.38, p> .001). Endodontic treatment was completed on 251 (91.6%) pregnant patients to relieve the acute dental pain whereas only 22 (8.4%) patients did not undergo endodontic treatment in pregnancy. Among the cases who had endodontic treatment, 75.4% of cases were dealt with in the second trimester of pregnancy. The recommendation of antibiotics was less. In the entire data, antibiotic prescription was seen in the second trimester of pregnancy, whereas, overall, antibiotic prescription was at minimal level. Analgesic prescription was found to be (44.1%) in practice among pregnant participants during the treatment.
CONCLUSION: Non-Surgical Endodontic Treatment is a safe and reliable treatment option for the management of restorable teeth with acute pain of pulpal origin in pregnant patients. Dentists should not be reluctant in prompt invasive dental management in these patients if indicated.
KEYWORDS: pregnancy, pain, dental treatment, endodontic treatment
HOW TO CITE: Khan SA, Hassan AU, Iqbal Z, Hassan M. Endodontic management of acute dental pain among pregnant patients. J Pak Dent Assoc 2021;30(1):7-11.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25301/JPDA.301.7
Received: 24 July 2020, Accepted: 07 December 2020
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