Dental Caries, Periodontal Disease and their Associated Factors Among Patients Visiting Dental Teaching Hospital in Multan, Pakistan

 

Muhammad Amin1          -          BDS
Muhammad Amanullaha2          -          M.Sc, PhD
Anwar Muneer Tarar3          -                BDS,

 

ABSTRACT:

BACKGROUND: To determine different risk factors of dental caries and periodontal disease among subjects visiting dental hospital, Multan, Pakistan.

METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study was conducted at dental hospital, Multan, Pakistan from March, 2014 to August, 2014. A questionnaire was distributed among adult patients visiting the hospital. The chi-square test was used to determine the association of risk factors such as age, gender, smoking, brushing habits etc. with caries and periodontal disease.

RESULTS: Out of 366 patients, there were 186 (50.8 %) females and 180 (49.2%) males. It was observed that gender (p-value 0.14), education (p-value=0.13), income (p-value=0.39), age (p-value=0.17) and tooth paste use (p-value=0.55) have no association with the dental caries and periodontal disease. However, factors such as family history of dental diseases (p-value= 0.02), smoking (p-value <0.01), use of pan (p- value = 0.04), and duration of disease (p-value <0.01) were found to be significantly associated with caries and l disease.

CONCLUSION: Family history, pan using, smoking, and dental duration are found to be significantly associated with caries and periodontal disease among patients visiting dental hospital of Multan, Pakistan.

HOW TO CITE: Amin M, Amanullah M, Tarar AM. Dental Caries, Periodontal Disease and their Associated Factors Among Patients Visiting Dental Teaching Hospital in Multan, Pakistan. J Pak Dent Assoc 2016; 25(3): 98-102.

KEYWORDS: Dental caries, Periodontal disease, prevalence.

Received: 17 August 2016, Accepted: 29 September 2016