An Analysis of Root Canal Treatments in Student Clinics of a Saudi University

 

Mohammad Mustafa1    BDS, FCPS
Shahid Mahmood2         BDS, FCPS
Zaid A. Al Jeaidi3            BDS, MDSc

 

ABSTRACT:

OBJECTIVE: To determine the reasons for root canal treatment (RCT) done in the students’ clinics of Prince Sattam Bin AbdulAziz University, Alkharj, Saudi Arabia (PSAU).

METHODOLOGY: Information about Root Canal Treatments (RCT) was collected through specially designed forms. The forms were distributed to the 4th year students of the campus of PSAU. The participants were asked to record details of all root canal treatments carried out by them during a period of one academic year (2015-16), counter-checked by the faculty. The data were entered and analyzed using Statistical Package for Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS), version 22. Frequencies were calculated using simple arithmetical methods.

RESULTS: The data were collected for 202root canal treatments. Irreversible pulpitis (59.9%), necrosis of pulp (22.8%), and previously initiated root canal treatments (13.8%) were the major reasons for RCT.67.6% of the cases had carious exposure.

Only 1% of RCT were carried out due to failed RCT, a majority (60%) of which failed because of short obturation. PreOperative Radiographic examinations revealed that in 62.9% of the cases, the periapical tissues were normal, while 22.8% of the radiographs showed an evidence of chronic apical periodontitis.

CONCLUSIONS: Irreversible pulpitis and Necrosed pulp were the most common reasons for initial root canal treatment while short obturation was the predominant reason for failed root canal treatment.

KEY WORDS: Failed RCT, Irreversible pulpitis, Necrosed pulp, Root canal treatment.

HOW TO CITE: Mustafa M, Mahmood S, Al-Jeaidi ZA. An Analysis of Root Canal Treatments in Student Clinics of a Saudi University. J Pak Dent Assoc 2016; 25(2): 65-68

Received : 5 April 2016,  Accepted: 27 June 2016