Patterns of Facial Fractures Associated with SoIicio-demographic and Causative Factors: A Multi-Center Analysis from Karachi


Beenish Fatima Alam1                                                       BDS, Msc, MFDS RCSED

Sidra Mohiuddin2                                                               BDS, MDS

Salim Hosein3                                                                      MD

Mervyn Hosein4                                                                  FDS RCS, FDS RCSE, FFD RCSI

OBJECTIVE: To assess the association of age, gender, and mechanism of injuries in patients presenting at tertiary care facilities of Karachi, Pakistan.

METHODOLOGY: A retrospective analysis of 1038 patients visiting private and public tertiary care dental hospital was conducted. Data was collected by means of a comprehensive history, clinical examination and radiological investigation. Qualitative variables were calculated as frequencies and percentage whereas means and standard deviation of quantitative variables were analyzed. Association among dependent and independent variables were assessed by Chi square test.

RESULTS: A total of 1038 patients reported, which included 85 % males and 15 % females. Road traffic accidents accounted for 43% of injuries in males and 12% in females and were followed by falls in 15% males and 8% females. Body of mandible was the most frequently affected bone accounting for 32%, while condyle was next commonly involved. Left side of mandible was noted to be more frequently affected. Only 6% of fractures involved the zygomatic region.

CONCLUSION: In this study RTA’s were the most common cause of injuries among males and females in the second and third decades of life while in young children falls predominated. The mandibular body was the most frequently involved site followed by the condyle.

KEY WORDS: Maxillofacial injuries, Road traffic accidents, falls, body of mandible, trauma

HOW TO CITE: Alam BF, Mohiuddin S, Hosein S, Hosein M. Patterns of Facial Fractures Associated with Socio-demographic and Causative Factors: A Multi-Center Analysis from Karachi. J Pak Dent Assoc 2019;28(3):103-107.


Received: 29 March 2019, Accepted: 17 June 2019

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