Correlation of The Vertical Dimension of Occlusion with Anthropometric Measurement of Index Finger



Shafqat Hussain1                                                       BDS, FCPS

Nazia Yazdanie2                                                        BDS, MSc, FCPS, PhD, FICD, FICOI


OBJECTIVE: In prosthodontics treatment, the procedure of vertical dimension of occlusion (VDO) recording is considered an essential problem. This procedure is one of the key parameter to be established during the planning of oral rehabilitation; and any error in its recording can affect the prosthodontics treatment severely, and ultimately can lead to disastrous situation.

METHODOLOGY: The study was a cross-sectional. A total of 250 patients were taken in the study. The vertical dimension of occlusion was recorded between two points, one on the base of nasal septum and the other on the lower border of chin. Then the length of index finger was measured with digital Vernier caliper.

RESULTS: Vertical dimension of occlusion is significantly correlated with the index finger. The correlation of VDO with index finger in males and females was significant (r= 0.74 and r= 0.82 respectively, p=0.000).

CONCLUSION: Index finger measurement was found to be almost equal to vertical dimension of occlusion, and maybe useful in determination of VDO.

KEY WORDS:Vertical dimension of occlusion, index finger, Prosthodontics, Oral Rehabilitation

HOW TO CITE: Hussain S, Yazdanie N. Correlation of the vertical dimension of occlusion with anthropometric measurement of index finger. J Pak Dent Assoc 2019;28(3):108-112.


Received: 09 December 2018, Accepted: 19 June 2019

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