Awareness Regarding Oral Aphthous Ulcers and its Risk Factors Among BDS and MBBS Students-A Cross-Sectional Survey

Marium Azfar                                   BDS, MPH

Saima Qureshi                                 BDS, FCPS

Syeda Noureen Iqbal                      BDS, FCPS

Sadia Rizwan                                  BDS, FCPS

Imran Khan                                     BDS, MSc

Arfa Baig                                         BDS, FCPS

Khadijah Abid                                 MSPH, MSc, BS Hons

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper was to assess the awareness regarding oral aphthous ulcers and its risk factors among
BDS and MBBS students in private institute of Karachi, Pakistan.
METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional survey was conducted at a private institute of Karachi Pakistan for the duration of six
months. Medical and dental students of age more than 18 years of either gender were enrolled in the study using non-probability
convenience sampling technique. Pre-designed proforma was used to collect data regarding demographics, history of recurrent
aphthous stomatitis and knowledge of oral aphthous ulcers and its risk factors. The knowledge score of 4 out of 6 was considered
as adequate knowledge. SPSS version 25 was used to analyze data.
RESULTS: Of 150 participants, the mean age was reported as 22.94±1.65 years (range: 21-25 years). In those 150 participants
46 were males (30.7%) and 104 were females (69.3%). Overall mean score of knowledge was 4.35±1.29. Wherein 73% had
adequate knowledge regarding oral ulceration and its risk factors. The dental students had significantly higher proportion of
adequate knowledge regarding oral ulceration than medical students [p=0.024].
CONCLUSION: Overall students had good knowledge of oral ulceration and its risk factors, wherein knowledge of dental
students was better than medical students.
KEYWORDS: Oral ulcers; Recurrent Aphthous stomatitis; awareness, oral ulceration, risk factors, eating habits
HOW TO CITE: Azfar M, Qureshi S, Iqbal SN, Rizwan S, Khan I, Baig A, Abid K. Awareness regarding oral aphthous ulcers
and its risk factors among BDS and MBBS students-A cross-sectional survey. J Pak Dent Assoc 2021;30(3):215-218.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25301/JPDA.303.215
Received: 25 November 2020, Accepted: 25 May 2021

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